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Birthmarks are benign spots or growths present on the skin at or shortly after birth. They come in many shapes, sizes, and colors ranging from tan and pink to brown and dark red. Although birthmarks are usually harmless, individuals with marks on the face or other visible areas often feel self-conscious about their appearance.


While many myths exist about birthmarks, science is not sure exactly why these markings occur. Some birthmarks are categorized as vascular, which means they involve the blood vessels under the skin. Pigmented birthmarks are caused by deposits of excess melanin, the substance that gives skin its color. In most cases, birthmarks do not require medical treatment and often disappear during childhood. These are some of the most common types of birthmarks:

  • Moles: Small, round brown spots about the size of a pencil eraser
  • Cafe-au-lait spots: Light brown, shaped like an oval, and varying in size
  • Mongolian spots: Grayish-blue markings that resemble bruises and are most common in those with dark skin
  • Salmon patches: Flat pink or red markings
  • Hemangiomas: Bright red, bumpy marks that are raised above the skin and look like a strawberry
  • Port wine stain: Large purple or red patches that often appear on the face and may get bigger over time


Sparsh Clinic offers effective laser removal of both vascular and pigmented birthmarks. For pigmented birthmarks, the laser penetrates the skin and changes the molecular structure of the melanin. This new substance is no longer recognized by the body, so the immune system breaks it down and removes it. The laser can precisely target the affected area, reducing discomfort by treating only the discolored skin.

For vascular birthmarks, the laser targets the hemoglobin within the blood vessels that make up the blemish. This causes the abnormal capillaries to collapse, reducing the size and appearance of the birthmark. Often, the vascular birthmark will turn dark brown before disappearing.